Aplikasi Model Keperawatan Levine pada Asuhan Keperawatan Anak dengan Masalah Oksigenasi

Ely Mawaddah, Nani Nurhaeni, Dessie Wanda

Abstract


Masalah oksigenasi merupakan kondisi yang sering ditemui pada anak. Infeksi saluran nafas, kondisi sistem respirasi yang masih immatur, usia anak dan perubahan musim mempengaruhi penyakit pernafasan pada anak sehingga menyebabkan anak membutuhkan perawatan di rumah sakit. Perawat membantu pemenuhan masalah pemenuhan kebutuhan oksigenasi agar tubuh mampu melanjutkan fungsi. Aplikasi Model Konservasi Levine bertujuan untuk memberikan tindakan keperawatan berdasarkan empat prinsip: konservasi energi, konservasi integritas struktur, konservasi integritas personal dan konservasi integritas sosial.  Studi ini menggunakan desain studi kasus. Kasus yang diambil berjumlah 5 kasus di ruang infeksi anak RSUPN Cipto Mangunkusumo. Sampel yang diambil adalah anak dengan masalah oksigenasi. Data diambil dari catatan medis dan perawatan pasien serta pemeriksaan fisik dan observasi pasien. Hasil yang diperoleh menunjukkan bahwa Model konservasi Levine memberikan panduan berpikir yang sistematis dalam pemberian asuhan keperawatan dan dapat diterapkan dalam perawatan anak dengan masalah oksigenasi. Perawat dapat menerapkan model konservasi levine dan digabungkan dengan model lainnya.

Keywords


Anak; Masalah Oksigenasi; Model Konservasi Levine; sistem pernafasan

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.32807/jkt.v2i2.89

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Jurnal keperawatan terpadu (integrated nursing journal) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.